Sexual Assault Exam

Sexual Assault Exam Accompaniment

NOVA staff and trained volunteers will accompany survivors of sexual assault to the Emergency Room in three hospitals in Bucks County. Emergency room advocates will provide accompaniment, emotional support, information and referral services during the SANE Exams (see below for more info).  It is the sexual assault survivor’s choice to accept or decline this service.

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)

Bucks County offers SANE programs at three locations:  Doylestown Hospital, Jefferson Bucks and St. Mary’s Medical Center.  Recognizing that sexual assault can be devastating to the survivor, the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner does their best to minimize any additional trauma that may be caused by the medical-forensic exam. The SANE offers survivors prompt, compassionate care and a comprehensive medical-forensic exam. In addition to helping preserve the victim’s dignity and reducing psychological trauma, SANE are enhancing evidence collection for more effective investigations and better prosecutions.

A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner is a registered nurse (R.N.) who has advanced education and clinical preparation in forensic examination of sexual assault survivors. A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner can speed up the evidentiary examination process by reducing the time victims have to wait in a hospital’s emergency department and the time it takes to complete the examination. The quality of the examination is usually improved because an experienced SANE is adept at identifying physical trauma and psychological needs, ensuring that survivors receive appropriate medical care, knowing what evidence to look for and how to document injuries and other forensic evidence, and providing necessary referrals.

Bucks County’s SANE programs use a pool of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner’s who are on call 24 hours a day.

During the course of exams, Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners:

  • Obtain information about the victim’s pertinent health history and the crime.
  • Assess psychological functioning.
  • Perform a physical examination to inspect and evaluate the body of the victim (not a routine physical exam).
  • Collect and preserve all evidence and document findings.
  • Collect urine and blood samples and send them to designated laboratories for analysis in cases where drug-facilitated sexual assault is suspected.
  • Treat and/or refer the victim for medical treatment (a SANE may treat minor injuries such as minor cuts and abrasions, but further evaluation and care of serious trauma is referred to a designated medical facility or physician).
  • Provide the victim with prophylactic medications for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and other care needed as a result of the crime.
  • Provide the victim with referrals for medical and psychological care and support.

If the case goes to trial, the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner may be asked to provide testimony about forensic evidence they collected during survivor and suspect exams. They view testifying as an integral part of their job and will readily adjust their schedules to be in court as needed. Prior to testifying, they often communicate with prosecutors so that they are informed about the issues involved in the case.   For more information about Bucks County’s Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner programs, contact NOVA at 215-343-6543.